Pemerolehan Kalimat Bahasa Indonesia Anak Usia 4;0–5;0 Tahun

  • Aminah Elvina Universitas Andalas, Kampus Limau Manih Pauh Padang, Indonesia
  • Gusdi Sastra Universitas Andalas, Kampus Limau Manih Pauh Padang, Indonesia
  • Lindawati Lindawati Universitas Andalas, Kampus Limau Manih Pauh Padang, Indonesia
Abstract views: 195 , pdf downloads: 198
Keywords: language acquisition, sentences acquisition, sentence type

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to describe the acquisition of Indonesian sentences for children aged 4;0-5;0 years old. Specifically, this study aims to explain the types of sentences used by children aged 4;0-5;0 years based on their syntactic form, the number of clauses, and the completeness of the elements. This research is cross-sectional research by using the observation method. The results of this research are as follow; (1) Based on the syntactic form, children aged 4;0-5;0 years use more declarative and interrogative sentences than imperative and exclamative sentences. From 400 data found 117 declarative sentences, 83 interrogative sentences, 17 imperative sentences, and 12 exclamative sentences; (2) Based on the number of clauses, children aged 4;0-5;0 years use compound sentences more than single sentences. From 400 data found 96 compound sentences and 92 single sentences; (3) Third, seen from the type of sentence based on the completeness of the elements, children aged 4;0-5;0 years old use minor sentences more than major sentences. From 400 data found 107 minor sentences and 92 major sentences. Children aged 4;0-5;0 years old already have full proficiency, are able to produce complex sentences but yet fully understand the rules of their native language, especially in the use of affixes.

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Published
2020-09-30
How to Cite
Elvina, A., Sastra, G., & Lindawati, L. (2020). Pemerolehan Kalimat Bahasa Indonesia Anak Usia 4;0–5;0 Tahun. LINGUA : Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, Dan Pengajarannya, 17(2), 180-202. https://doi.org/10.30957/lingua.v17i2.659